# Revealing the Relationship between ROA and Economic Value Added

Summary

## Introduction

In the world of finance, there are several key metrics that are used to evaluate the performance and profitability of a company. Two of these metrics are Return on Assets (ROA) and Economic Value Added (EVA). While both of these metrics provide insights into a company's financial health, they are calculated using different formulas and focus on different aspects of the business.

This article aims to reveal the relationship between ROA and EVA, highlighting their similarities and differences, and exploring how they can be used together to gain a comprehensive understanding of a company's financial performance.

## Understanding Return on Assets (ROA)

Return on Assets (ROA) is a financial ratio that measures a company's profitability by evaluating how efficiently it utilizes its assets to generate earnings. It is calculated by dividing the net income of a company by its total assets.

The formula for ROA is as follows:

ROA = Net Income / Total Assets

ROA is expressed as a percentage, and a higher ROA indicates that a company is generating more profit from its assets. It is a widely used metric to assess a company's operational efficiency and profitability.

## Understanding Economic Value Added (EVA)

Economic Value Added (EVA) is a financial metric that measures the value created by a company above its cost of capital. It takes into account both the company's operating income and the capital employed in its operations.

The formula for EVA is as follows:

EVA = Net Operating Profit After Tax (NOPAT) - (Capital Employed x Cost of Capital)

EVA provides a measure of the value that a company adds to its shareholders by generating returns that exceed the cost of capital. A positive EVA indicates that a company is creating value, while a negative EVA suggests that it is destroying value.

## The Relationship between ROA and EVA

ROA and EVA are both financial metrics that provide insights into a company's financial performance. However, they differ in terms of the factors they consider and the perspective they offer.

ROA focuses solely on the profitability of a company relative to its assets. It measures how effectively a company is utilizing its assets to generate earnings. ROA does not take into account the cost of capital or the value created for shareholders.

On the other hand, EVA takes into account both the operating income of a company and the capital employed in its operations. It provides a measure of the value created by a company above its cost of capital. EVA considers the opportunity cost of capital and provides a more holistic view of a company's financial performance.

While ROA and EVA are calculated using different formulas and provide different perspectives, there is a relationship between the two metrics. A company with a high ROA is likely to have a positive EVA, indicating that it is generating returns that exceed its cost of capital and creating value for shareholders.

However, it is important to note that ROA and EVA are not interchangeable metrics. ROA provides a measure of operational efficiency and profitability, while EVA provides a measure of value creation. Both metrics are useful in evaluating a company's financial performance, but they should be used in conjunction with other financial ratios and metrics to gain a comprehensive understanding.

## Using ROA and EVA Together

To gain a comprehensive understanding of a company's financial performance, it is beneficial to use both ROA and EVA together. By analyzing both metrics, investors and analysts can assess the operational efficiency, profitability, and value creation of a company.

ROA can provide insights into how effectively a company is utilizing its assets to generate earnings. A high ROA indicates that a company is generating more profit from its assets, while a low ROA suggests that it may be inefficient in its asset utilization.

EVA, on the other hand, provides a measure of the value created by a company above its cost of capital. It takes into account the operating income and the capital employed in a company's operations. A positive EVA indicates that a company is creating value for shareholders, while a negative EVA suggests that it is destroying value.

By analyzing both ROA and EVA, investors and analysts can gain a comprehensive understanding of a company's financial performance. They can assess the operational efficiency, profitability, and value creation of a company, and make informed investment decisions.

## Conclusion

Return on Assets (ROA) and Economic Value Added (EVA) are two important financial metrics that provide insights into a company's financial performance. While ROA focuses on operational efficiency and profitability, EVA considers the value created by a company above its cost of capital.

While ROA and EVA are calculated using different formulas and provide different perspectives, there is a relationship between the two metrics. A company with a high ROA is likely to have a positive EVA, indicating that it is generating returns that exceed its cost of capital and creating value for shareholders.

By using both ROA and EVA together, investors and analysts can gain a comprehensive understanding of a company's financial performance. They can assess the operational efficiency, profitability, and value creation of a company, and make informed investment decisions.

21 October 2023
Written by John Roche